Ticks, nothing but a simple nuisance!!!
Perhaps not everyone knows that not only the dog can be infested with ticks but also the horse. In certain environmental situations or particular climatic conditions that promote the development of these arthropods, the horse may also be in the sights of these parasites, which, in addition to causing a considerable annoyance to the animal, are carriers of diseases such as: Pyroplasmosis (babesiosis) and Erlichiosis (Anaplasmosis).
PIROPLASMOSI is a disease caused by a protozoo, Babesia, which is transmitted to the horse by the bite of an infected tick, with an incubation time of 3 weeks. Once in the circulatory stream Babesia invades and breaks red blood cells, creating hemolytic anemia (i.e. from rupture of red blood cells), high fever, hemoglobinuria (hemoglobin in urine) and in untreated cases even death. Clinical signs are culling, anorexia (lack of hunger) and high temperature. As the disease and therefore anemia progress, mucous pigment yellow (jaundice). Dehydration is always present.
EHRLICHIOSI is also a tick-borne disease whose pathogen is responsible for a bacterium, Ehrilichia Equi, which parasites white blood cells. Symptoms are similar to those of pyroplasmosis
Although these pathologies are recognized and cured nowadays, the theory that the best defense is attack, that is, the fight against ticks, is always valid.
If the horse is at the paddock it is necessary to check it every day in the places where these parasites settle: perineal (under the tail, between an anthem and vulva in the female), breast fold, ears, mane base and skin folds in general. If the horse goes out on a walk you need to carefully check the animal when returning.
But above all, the use, during the hot months, of principals able to fight the infestation of the horse by ticks is essential. Among these, the most effective product on the market is Equi Spot based on permethrin. Permethrin eliminates ticks at the simple contact with treated tissues and according to studies by the Connecticut Department of Public Health has low toxicity for mammals and allergic reactions are rare.
The special adjuvants contained in the Equi-Spot formula also allow the penetration of the Permethrin up to the subcutaneous layer of the horse, ensuring its protection from external agents. In this way, Permethrin keeps its activity intact even in rain, horse showers or intense sweating during daily exercise for several days. This property makes Equi Spot an equally suitable product for use in grazing horses that cannot be checked daily for the presence of ticks.